S3E2: What is a Non Fungible Token?


What are Non-Fungible Tokens? 

What is Fungible? Fungible is a term that means something that is replaceable. Exchangeable Originally used as a finance term. 

Investopedia says: 


Fungible means interchangeable. Fungible goods are…

  • Fungible goods are items that are interchangeable because they are identical to each other for practical purposes.
  • Fungibility is the ability of a good or asset to be readily interchanged for another of like kind.
  • Like goods and assets that are not interchangeable, such as owned cars and houses, are non-fungible.
  • Money is a prime example of something fungible, where a $1 bill is easily convertible into four quarters or ten dimes, etc.

So Non meaning No and Fungible meaning changeable you have Non Fungible and now we add Non Fungible Tokens to our vocabulary. 

What is a Non Fungible Token or NFT? It is how you can make digital things one of a kind. If I have a picture of my kids as a png file on my desktop, I can copy the file hundreds of times, share the same image with different file names on Facebook and other social media and I can send it via email to my mom. All of these are copies of the same file. But how do we know which is the original?

The Mona Lisa exists in the Louvre in Paris France. We assume it is the original and yet we all know the Mona Lisa. There are pictures of her everywhere. But the rest are all copies and not the original. Say I want to be able to confirm to the world the original digital image I took with my cell phone of my kids is the original then how would I prove this? 

This is where Cryptocurrency comes in. A long time ago okay, 2012 if that is a long time ago, a group of folks used the unique transaction code nature of buying cryptocurrency. A group created Colored Coins. These represented the smallest unit of Bitcoin called a “Satoshi” Listen to Episode 1 if you want more in depth on Bitcoin. So basically it represents a bitcoin. But things didn’t’ take off from there and there were flaws. So next up came “Counterparty” around 2014. They used the concepts that were Bitcoin 2.0 and used Bitcoin to create collectables that were represented by an amount of bitcoin and it allowed folks to be able to buy and sell digital assets. Because it was certified against a bitcoin transaction id, these collectables couldn’t be counterfeited. So now I could take this image file of my kids and tie it to bitcoin and then sell the bitcoin aka the digital collectable. In 2017 Cryptopunks create digital collectables based on the Ethereum blockchain. Ethereum is another cryptocurrency similar to Bitcoin. They created 10,000 of these Crypto characters and they were quickly snapped up. So then because the Internet loves cats in that same year CryptoKitties were created. These looked like cards and were intended to be part of a game. The drawings remind me of The Oatmeal’s Exploding Kittens animation. These sold well for a while but rarely for crazy sums but it proved out the concept of NFT. This same concept was used to sell Digital parcels of land in a VR game Decentraland. 

Time passes, things happen and we arrive in 2021 after a long period of time trapped in our house where the Internet became strange again because we were trapped and needed a creative outlet like say a podcast.

Anyway, so suddenly the world is crazier and folks are selling virtual NBA trading cards and short clips of video moments in Basketball for crazy money. A certified copy of the Nyan Cat gif is sold for $531,000 worth of Ethereum. Sure, everyone has a copy of Nyan Cat but now this is certified as one of a kind, non fungible and Ethereum gives it the token portion of this puzzle. And yet none of this is physical, it is all ones and zeros. Beeple, a digital artist who creates a picture a day, takes all of his works up to that date and creates a single image and someone buys it for $69 million at Christie’s Auction House. So now NFT makes the news. 

Money always makes things bubble up for a bit and such big money has everyone selling anything as an NFT in order to make money. In fact, I think I will create an NFT for the last episode of the second season of this podcast and sell it. I will tell you about that adventure in a different episode. 

So you want to be a Non fungible Token Star… https://www.kapwing.com/resources/how-to-create-and-sell-nft-crypto-art/

More on NFTs


And now, Chapter 2

Have you ever wondered what Google knows aboSome Of What Google Knowsut you? I mean really who are you, how old are you, are you a male or female, what are you into, what websites do you visit frequently. See Google has a way of tracking you in all the places you go and so Ads that you see are tailored to you. So if you go to the website adsettings.Google.com you can look and see what Google knows about you now you’ll have to have a Gmail account of course and you’ll have to be logged in in order to get this page once you go there gets interesting.


What do you log into this page you’re going to find out that Google knows an awful lot about you you will see approximately how old is thinks you are you will see if it thinks you’re male or female you will see website that you visited before that is is decided that you have an interest in for example mine says I’m into hip-hop rock and roll Jazz and Blues mostly he also says that I am 

Go out find out what Google knows about you. You can turn some things off for a bit and supposedly you won’t see ads about that stuff for a while. We are all digital souls on the Internet. I have joked I sold my digital soul to Google in 2004. That was the year Gmail started and I was lucky enough to get an invite. Back in the early days you had to be invited. Over time Google has given me trinkets and tokens of their affection for me. I received a free Chromebook one. Cool story for another episode and I helped beta test a lot of different Google products over the years. In exchange they sent me things, a Google Mouse (sadly it died). Google Minis, a t-shirt that I think I outgrew or expanded beyond? Google is collecting your data via tracking cookies and the ads you on purposely or accidentally click on. Facebook is too so Google hasn’t cornered this market. But we are building our digital personas and it is out there for folks to find. Who are you online?

Chapter 3

Are you sharing your Netflix password? Netflix is experimenting with two factor authentication. Not to necessarily make your logins more secure, though that is a perk, but to perhaps slowly prevent password sharing. Recently password warnings popped up on several across the Internet. So it appears Netflix is testing our appetite for cracking down on password sharing. My oldest son spent some time in Argentina as a work-study in college. Many months after his return I looked at Netflix settings as it said I was out of sessions and discovered that somewhere in Argentina someone was still using my Netflix account. That explains why Netflix kept suggesting I watch Spanish language programs. I am embarrassed to admit having taken Spanish in college I still am not able to understand Spanish. I should have done my homework. 

Netflix strikes back and scares password sharers with a future of two factor?


That’s it this week in Podcast land for the One-Off Tech Podcast. I really appreciate you listening and downloading the podcast. If you want to reach out to me, I am on Twitter as @aroyrichardson. I had several reach out to me and I was very touched that you did. It means some of you missed the podcast. That really touched my heart and I am very thankful for you.

Have a great week.

Bonus Thoughts:

Complex passwords means never having to say, crap, they hacked my site.


A few of my favorite things Password remembering edition


How to do screenshots on Mac


Microsoft offers to test your PowerPoint presentation skills with you.


How a year in isolation made the Internet weird again again https://www.cnn.com/2021/03/12/tech/internet-boredom-pandemic/index.html

Listen on Google Podcasts
Listen on Apple Podcasts
Listen on Stitcher

S2E10: Death of a Podcast

The Last Episode of the One-Off Technology Podcast? Maybe. This episode talks about the good, the bad, and the ugly that is/was the One-Off Technology Podcast and ends with a big thank you to all of our many listeners and a survey to find out if what you thought we did right or wrong and if we should start over.

The One-Off Technology podcast was first broadcast on February 27, 2016. First season covered a gambit of things, from how to start a podcast, how this one went together, complaints about software and software companies, hardware and hardware companies. We also talked about how to keep your computer safe, cool things you can do with Raspberry Pi computers and about 3D printing.

S1E5 Part 1 was the most popular episode of the entire series. Over the course of the series, we have nearly 1,000 unique users download the podcast but to be honest, only about 244 folks consistently downloaded the podcast. This is only the stats from iTunes Podcasts. We are also on Stitcher and Google Play and we have no easy way to track our success there. Something I plan to fix should we attempt this experiment again.

Episode 9 was the least downloaded episode. I want to thank all of our listeners but I especially want to thank the 36 who downloaded an episode that appeared out of nowhere. Basically there was a 7 month gap between episode 8 and episode 9. To make matters worse, episode 9 was recorded but unedited for over six months. My life had become so hectic and I had lost faith in the podcast. I know and sadly knew that in order for a podcast to gain and keep traction, it had to be consistent and released on an expected schedule whether that been weekly or biweekly or whatever, consistently. Oh, and it had to be interesting.

My issue is that I am interested in so many things. How do you create a podcast that is a catch all for every interest that you have? I often considered doing two or three different podcast titles so I could cover more topics and not steal from one title. But until I can do one podcast consistently it is not time to branch out into other topics.

The other issues with the podcast are the title. What did the title even mean? Also the title was too long to create a Twitter account or an Instagram account. I created a Facebook account but most of the material was the same stuff I posted on my page on Facebook so nothing to drive folks to it really.

Also I lack the art of self promotion. Yes, I see how people hype things but hyping myself is not something I am comfortable with. I am not the greatest things since sliced bread and so to say such things would be lies and I prefer to be my true self. Let the topic be the interesting thing and the way we present it. That was the hope.

I did a survey in some areas where I post frequently asking what people wanted to hear a technology podcast talk about. The winner, Windows patching. Seriously?